What is Open data
Open data is data that is openly accessible, licensed under an open license and exploitable, editable and shared by anyone for any purpose.
The term “open data” has appeared recently, and became popular with the advent of the Internet and the World Wide Web and, especially, with the launch of open-data government initiatives Data.gov, Data.gov.uk and Data.gov.in.
The official portal for European Open Data – The single point of access to open data from European countries, EU institutions, agencies and bodies and other European countries.
One of the most important forms of open data is Open Government Data (OGD).
The importance of open government data is due to the fact that it is a part of the daily life of citizens, up to the most routine / mundane tasks.
Open data as a phenomenon means that government data should be available to anyone with the possibility of redistribution in any form without any copyright restrictions.
Open data can be linked data – referred to as linked open data.
The abbreviation FAIR/O data is sometimes used to indicate that the dataset or database in question conforms to FAIR data (Findability, Accessibility, Interoperability, and Reusability) principles and has an explicit open license to the data.
The Open Data Institute offers the most accessible and concise version of the definition, “Open Data is data that anyone can access, use or share”.
The growth of the open data movement is accompanied by the growth of intellectual property rights.
The major barrier to the open data movement is the commercial value of the data.
Data access or reuse is often controlled by public or private organizations. Control can be exercised through access restrictions, licenses, copyrights, patents, and fees for access or reuse. Proponents of open data argue that these restrictions detract from the common good and that data should be made available without restrictions or fees.
Data creators do not consider it necessary to specify the terms of ownership, licensing and reuse; instead, the lack of copyright protection is supposed to put the data in the public domain. For example, many scientists do not consider data published with their work to be under their control and view the act of publishing in a journal as an implicit release of data into the public domain. Lack of a license makes it difficult to determine the status of a dataset and may limit the use of data offered in an “Open” spirit. Because of this uncertainty, public or private entities may collect said data, claim it is copyrighted, and then resell it.
– Directive (EU) 2019/1024 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 20 June 2019 on open data and the re-use of public sector information (recast)
– Directive 2013/37/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 26 June 2013 amending Directive 2003/98/EC on the re-use of public sector information Text with EEA relevance
– Directive 2003/98/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 17 November 2003 on the re-use of public sector information